Outreach resources

Outreach resources

This page will soon be discontinued and its contents have been moved to our new droso4public/Resources site. Please, use that site from now on and direct any links to it. For existing links to this location, we will do our best to forward them to the new site.

 
General | Model | Info | Movies | Equipment & Tools | Teaching | History

Outreach Resources by the Manchester Fly Facility

A Scratch video game with Drosophila.

A Scratch video game using Drosophila stock keeping against mutation, mites and infections as the story line — [LINK]

  • Animated life cycle for download as PowerPoint file — [LINK]
  • Resources for communicating Drosophila research in schools and on science fairs — [LINK]
  • The “Why fly?” page on droso4schools
  • School article in Biological Sciences Review: Fruit flies in biological research
  • Our collection of lay articles about fly research
  • Some reasons for Drosophila outreach and science communication
  • Talk about Drosophila outreach at the 2015 European Drosophila Research Conference — [LINK1] – [LINK2]
  • Patel, S., Prokop, A. (2015). How to develop objective-driven comprehensive science outreach initiatives aiming at multiple audiences. bioRxiv 10.1101/023838 — [LINK]
  • Patel, S., Prokop, A. (2017). The Manchester Fly Facility: Implementing an objective-driven long-term science communication initiative. Semin Cell Dev Biol, available online — [LINK]
  • Hama bead patterns of Drosophila and other model organisms
DrosophilaHamaBead

A Hama bead fly made according to our plan.

  • Patel, S., DeMaine, S., Heafield, J., Bianchi, L., Prokop, A. (2017). The droso4schools project: long-term scientist-teacher collaborations to promote science communication and education in schools. Sem Cell Dev Biol, in press
  • Article about the Manchester Fly Facility: Promoting Drosophilaas a modern research and teaching tool
  • See our two movies: “Small fly: BIG impact” — [LINK1] – [LINK2]
  • Supply of fly food that can be stored for months at room temperature
  • Instructions how to generate and use a pooter for fly genetics
  • Ways of tipping fruit flies video
  • A fold plan of a fly box with lots of fun info to store your fly lab tools
  • Use the Genotype Builder to quickly generate images of flies with your own choice of marker combinations
  • Download the LifeCycle-complete: “How old is my fly stock?
  • How to generate an ether bottle to anaesthetise flies

Fly life cycle

Further Outreach Resources

Info about Drosophila as a model

General fly-related outreach resources and info

  • Martín-Bermudo, M. D., Gebel, L., Palacios, I. M. (2017). DrosAfrica: establishing a Drosophila community in Africa. Sem Cell Dev Biol 70, 58-64 — [LINK]
  • Adedeji, A., Vicente-Crespo, M. (2017). Rejuvenating research and training in biomedical sciences in Nigeria: Drosophila melanogaster as a versatile alternative model. Arch Basic Appl Med 5, 1-10 — [LINK]
  • EMBO blog post by Isabel Palacios: Building labs with flies
  • Fly Indonesia website: Building an Indonesian Drosophila community
  • Paper with WOW effect: Ed Lewis: Making mutations with nuclear bomb explosions — [LINK]
  • Paper of high significance (first ever chromosome map): Sturtevant, A. H. (1913). The linear arrangement of six sex-linked factors in Drosophila, as shown by their mode of association. J Exp Zool 14, 43-59 — [LINK]

 

Movies and images about Drosophila and fly research

Equipment, tools, materials

Info for teaching Drosophila at schools & universities

  • See our Teachers & Schools page
  • The droso4schools website providing online support for school lessons using Drosophila
  • See all our science communication, training and education outputs
  • Markstein, M. (2019). Drosophila workers unite! A laboratory manual for working with Drosophila. Course Source, under revision
  • The Wonderful Fruit Fly, an interactive website for biology students and teachers
  • Brief guide of how to set up Drosophila melanogaster in the classroom
  • M. Burke, R. Center, L. Kelly: Laboratory Handbook: Using Drosophila melanogaster in middle and high school classrooms
  • NatLab (Freie Univ. Berlin): experiments with Drosophila for secondary schools (in German) — [LINK]
  • Genetics Otago: Resources for teaching senior school students (years 11–13)
  • Classroom activities: Measuring circadian activity in Drosophila
  • University of Leicester initiative: Fruit flies swoop into school science lessons
  • A film describing a genetic test cross: Is vestigial a sex-linked?
  • Natl. Inst. of Drug abuse: Exploring Genetic Inheritance in Drosophila
  • Exploratorium: Exhibiting mutant flies
  • Weigmann, K., Klapper, R., Strasser, T., Rickert, C., Technau, G., Jäckle, H., Janning, W., Klämbt, C. (2003). FlyMove – a new way to look at development of Drosophila. Trends Genet 19, 310-1 — [LINK]
  • Michels et al. (2017). Pavlovian conditioning of larval Drosophila: an illustrated, multilingual, hands-on manual for odor-taste associative learning in maggots. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 11 — [LINK] – [LINK2]
  • F. Carrero-Martinez and A. Méndez: Exploring Genetic Inheritance in Drosophila (K12 to undergraduate)
  • Fly resource collection: Julian’s Science Fair
  • A simulator for Drosophila genetic crosses
  • Online help for writing Punnett squares for fly genetics; read also comments on The Node
  • A science outreach resource on body size regulation for high school teachers: “Size Control Mechanisms
  • Molly Renner, Kathryn Orzech, and Lisa Schwartz: The Study of Fruit Fly Genetics at City High School
  • Experience working in your own Virtual Fly lab
  • Prokop, A. (2013). 2nd year Drosophila developmental genetics practical — [LINK]
  • Roote J, Prokop A. (2013) How to design a genetic mating scheme: a basic training package for Drosophila genetics. G3 (Bethesda) 3, 353-8 [PDF] (Suppl. Mat.; see press releases/blogs: Manchester, Cambridge, Scienceomega, neurosciencestuff)
  • Prokop, A. (2013). A rough guide to Drosophila mating schemes. figshare, m9.figshare.106631 [LINK]
  • Fostier, M., Patel, S., Clarke, S., Prokop, A. (2015). A novel electronic assessment strategy to support applied Drosophila genetics training on university courses. G3 (Bethesda) — [LINK]
  • A classical experiment by Gräf et al.: Temperature effect on Expression of Phenotype — [LINK]
  • A classical experiment by Gräf et al.: Chromatographic Analysis of Eye Color Mutants — [LINK]
  • BIOS116 course materials at Lehigh University: Chromatography of Drosophila eye pigments [LINK]
  • Occidental College: Teacher reference pages – fly eye pigments lab [LINK]
  • Chen, J. et al. (2005). Discovery-based science education: functional genomic dissection in Drosophila by undergraduate researchers. PLoS Biol 3, e59 — [LINk1] – [LINK2]
  • Using the power of 900 undergrads to edit highly repetitive DNA sequences: Leung, W. et al. (2015). Drosophila Muller F elements maintain a distinct set of genomic properties over 40 million years of evolution. G3/Bethesda 5, 719-740 — [LINK1] – [LINK2]
  • Harrison, A. B., Oswald, M., and Sweeney, S. T. (2011). Teaching report: the use of Drosophila melanogasterlarval thermosensitive escape behaviour as a model system to demonstrate sensory function. Invert Neurosci 11, 109-12 — [LINK]
  • Optogenetic tools in the classroom: Titlow, J., Anderson, H., Cooper, R. (2014). Lights and larvae. The Science Teacher 9/14, 3-9 — [LINK1] [LINK2] [LINK3]
  • BackYard blog about optogenetics
  • A collection of Biology lessons for schools using Drosophila including PowerPoint and support materials — [LINK]
  • Heil, C. S. et al. (2012). Witnessing phenotypic and molecular evolution in the fruit fly. Evolution (N Y) 5, 629-634 — [LINK]
  • Pulver, S. R., and Berni, J. (2012). The fundamentals of flying: simple and inexpensive strategies for employingDrosophila genetics in neuroscience teaching laboratories. The Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education 11, A139-48 — [LINK]
  • Dunne, C. R. et al. (2014). Structured inquiry-based learning: Drosophila GAL4 enhancer trap characterization in an undergraduate laboratory course. PLoS Biol 12, e1002030 — [LINK]
  • Pulver, S. R., Hornstein, N. J., Land, B. L., Johnson, B. R. (2011). Optogenetics in the teaching laboratory: using channelrhodopsin-2 to study the neural basis of behavior and synaptic physiology in Drosophila. Adv Physiol Educ 35, 82-91 — [LINK]
  • Vilinsky, I., Johnson, K. G. (2012). The fundamentals of flying: simple and inexpensive strategies for employing Drosophila genetics in neuroscience teaching laboratories.The Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education11, A149-57 — [LINK]
  • Ables, E. T. (2015). Drosophila oocytes as a model for understanding meiosis: an educational primer to accompany “corolla is a novel protein that contributes to the architecture of the synaptonemal complex of Drosophila“. Genetics 199, 17-23 — [LINK]
  • Venema, D. R. (2006). Enhancing undergraduate teaching and research with a Drosophila virginizing system. CBE- Life Sciences Education — [LINK]
  • Siyad, F., Griffiths, J., Janjua, F., Jackson, E., Rodrigues, I., Kerr, F., Mackay, D., Lovestone, S. (2005). School students as Drosophila experimenters. PLoS Biology 3, e246 — [LINK]
  • Sofer, W., Tompkins, L. (1994). Drosophila genetics in the classroom. Genetics 136, 417-422 — [LINK]
  • Intra, J., Pasini, M. E. (2016). The fruit fly Drosophila as a powerful tool in teaching life sciences in middle and high school classrooms. Int J Innov Res Edu Sci 3, 288-95 — [LINK]
  • Education.com Inc. (2006-19). Fruit fly life cycle — [LINK]
  • Chippindale, A., Archer, M., Gass, E., Rose, M, Mueller, L: Laboratory Manual of Drosophila. Evolutionary Biology Research — [LINK]
  • Titlow, JS., Johnson, BR., Pulvar, SR. (2015) Light activated escape circuits: A behaviour and neurophysiology la module using Drosophila Optogenetics — [LINK]

About the history of Drosophila research

  • Allchin, D. (1997). Thomas Hunt Morgan & the white-eyed mutant. In “Doing Biology (chapter 5)” (J. B. Hagen, D. Allchin, F. Singer, Eds.). Benjamin Cummings — [LINK]
  • Allen, G.E. (1969) T.H. Morgan and the emergence of a new American biology. Q Rev Biol 44, 168-188
  • Allen, G. E. (1978). “Thomas Hunt Morgan: the man and his science ” Princeton Univ Press, Princeton — [LINK1] – [LINK2]
  • An overview of Drosophila history: Ashburner, M. (1993). Epilogue. In “The development of Drosophila melanogaster” (M. Bate, A. Martínez Arias, Eds.), Vol. 2, pp. 1493-1506. CSH Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor
  • Ashburner, M., Bergman, C. M. (2005). Drosophila melanogaster: A case study of a model genomic sequence and its consequences. Genome Research 15, 1661-1667 — [LINK]
  • Ashburner, M. (2006). “Won for all: How the Drosophila genome was sequenced.” Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press,U.S., New York
  • Bellen, H. J., Tong, C., Tsuda, H. (2010). 100 years of Drosophila research and its impact on vertebrate neuroscience: a history lesson for the future. Nat Rev Neurosci 11, 514-522 — [LINK1] — [LINK2]
  • Bellen, H.J., Yamamoto, S. (2015). Morgan’s Legacy: Fruit Flies and the Functional Annotation of Conserved Genes. Cell 163, 12-14 — [LINK]
  • Berg, P., Singer, M. (2003) George Beadle: An Uncommon Farmer. The Emergence of Genetics in the 20th Century. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor
  • Brookes, M. (2001/2002). “Fly: The Unsung Hero of Twentieth-Century Science.” Ecco/Phoenix — [LINK]
  • Cagan, R., Gottlieb, E. (2016). In memory of Marcos Vidal (1974-2016). Dis Models Mech — [LINK]
  • Caltech Archives. In the Fly Room (Edith Wallace, 1881-1964) — [LINK]
  • Carlson, E. A. (1981). “Genes, radiation, and society: the life and work of H. J. Muller.” Cornell University Press, Ithaca, N.Y
  • Carlson, E. A. (2013). How fruit flies came to launch the chromosome theory of heredity. Mutat Res 753, 1-6 — [LINK]
  • Cobb, M. (1995). The fly of the lords. Evolution 49, 581-3 — [LINK]
  • Crow, J. F. (1988). A diamond anniversary: the first chromosomal map. Genetics 118, 1-3 — [LINK]
  • Crow, J. F. (1993). N. I. Vavilov, martyr to genetic truth. Genetics 134, 1-4 — [LINK]
  • Crow, J. F., Lindsley, D., Lucchesi, J. (2006). Edward Novitski: Drosophila virtuoso. Genetics 174, 549-53 — [LINK]
  • David, J. R., Lemeunier, F., Tsacas, L., Yassin, A. (2007). The historical discovery of the nine species in the Drosophila melanogaster species subgroup. Genetics 177, 1969-1973 — [LINK]
  • Demerec, M. (1934) Memorandum on the salivary gland chromosomes. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Archives
  • Dunn, L.C. (1951) Genetics in the 20th century. Macmillan
  • Drosophila-specific blog posts by The Embryo Project — [LINK]
  • Gao P.K. (2015) On the twentieth anniversary of the Nobel Prize for research in fly embryonic development. The Node blog post — [LINK]
  • Gelling, C. (2015) Calvin Bridges: Bringing genes down to earth (GSA – Genes to Genomes blog) — [LINK]
  • Gelling, C. (2016) Dobzhansky: Bug collecting and the Modern Synthesis (GSA – Genes to Genomes blog) — [LINK]
  • Gelling, C. (2016) Happy 150th to a fruit fly wrangler who changed the world (about T.H. Morgan) — [LINK]
  • Gelling, C. (2017) Calvin Bridges: Bringing genes down to earth — [LINK]
  • Green, M. M. (2010) 2010: A century of Drosophila genetics through the prism of the white Genetics 184, 3-7 — [LINK]
  • Grens, K. (2018). Kathy Matthews, Drosophila geneticist, dies. Blog post in “The Scientist/The Nutshell” — [LINK]
  • Grens, K. (2018) Fruit fly geneticist Dan Lindsley dies — [LINK]
  • Hawley, R. S., Ganetzky, B. (2016). Alfred Sturtevant and George Beadle untangle inversions. Genetics 203, 1001-1003 — [LINK]
  • Herrera, L. Interview with Dr. Melvin Green — [LINK]
  • Horowitz, NH. (1998) T.H. Morgan at Caltech: A reminiscence. Genetics 149, 1629-32
  • Waddington Medal lecture by P. Ingham about the Hedgehog story – [LINK]
  • Ingham, P. (2004) Obituary: Ed Lewis. BSDB Newsletter #25/2, p.8 — [LINK]
  • Ingham, P. W. (2016). Chapter Twenty-Six – Drosophila segment polarity mutants and the rediscovery of the Hedgehog pathway genes. In “Current Topics in Developmental Biology” (P. M. Wassarman, Ed.), Vol. 116, pp. 477-488. Academic Press — [LINK]
  • Ingham, P. W. (2018). From Drosophila segmentation to human cancer therapy. Development 145/21 — [LINK]
  • A series of articles in J Biosci (2014, issue 39/4, pp.543-603) about Obaid Siddiqi – [LINK]
  • Kaufman, T. (2015). In Memoriam William Martin Gelbart (1945-2015). Genetics 201, 809-10 — [LINK]
  • Kaufman, T. (2018). A remembrance: Dr. Kathleen A. Matthews & the Bloomington Drosophila Stock Center and FlyBase. Genes and Genomes, 9 April — [LINK]
  • Kaufman, T. C. (2017). A short history and description of Drosophila melanogaster classical genetics: chromosome aberrations, forward genetic screens, and the nature of mutations. Genetics 206, 665-689 — [LINK]
  • Keller, A. (2007). Drosophila melanogaster‘s history as a human commensal. Curr Biol 17, R77-81 — [LINK]
  • Keller, E. F. (1996). Drosophila embryos as transitional objects: the work of Donald Poulson and Christiane Nusslein-Volhard. Hist Stud Phys Biol Sci 26, 313-46 — [LINK]
  • Kelty, C. M. (2012). This is not an article: Model organism newsletters and the question of `open science’. BioSocieties 7, 140-68 — [LINK]
  • All issues of the legendary Drosophila Information Service — [LINK]
  • Kohler, R. E. (1994). “Lords of the fly. Drosophila genetics and the experimental life.” The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, London — [LINK]
  • Lewis, E. B. (1995). The video shown during the Nobel Prize lecture — [LINK]
  • Lewis, E. B. (1995). Remembering Sturtevant. Genetics 141, 1227-30 — [LINK]
  • Lewis, E. B. (1998). Alfred Henry Sturtevant: November 21, 1891-April 5, 1970. Biogr Mem Natl Acad Sci 73, 349-62 — [LINK]
  • Lewis, E.B. (2003) C.B. Bridges’ repeat hypothesis and the nature of the gene. Genetics 164, 427-31
  • Lindsley, D. (2008) Drosophila genetics – The first 25 years — [LINK]
  • Lipshitz, H. D. (2005). From fruit flies to fallout: Ed Lewis and his science. Dev Dyn 232, 529-46 — [LINK]
  • Lipshitz, H. D. (2007). “Genes, Development and Cancer: The Life and Work of Edward B. Lewis.” Springer Science & Business Media — [LINK]
  • MacIntyre, R., Gearhart, J., Effron, J., O’ Brien, S., Fogleman, J. (2015). In Memory of Bruce Wallace: 1920–2015 (Population Genetics). J Hered 106, 331-332 — [LINK]
  • Martinez Arias, A. (2008). Drosophila melanogaster and the development of biology in the 20th century. InDrosophila. Methods and Protocols” (C. Dahmann, Ed.), Vol. 420, pp. 1-25. Humana Press — [LINK1] — [LINK2]
  • Martinez-Arias, A. (2009). A perspective on the development of genetics in Spain during the XX century. Int J Dev Biol 53, 1179-91 — [LINK]
  • Mlodzik, M., Halder, G. (2014). Walter J. Gehring (1939–2014). Dev Biol 395, 1-3 — [LINK]
  • Mohr, S. E. (2018). “First in fly – Drosophila research and biological discovery.” Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, MA and London, UK — [LINK]
  • Morgan, T. H., Bridges, C. B., Sturtevant, A. H. (1925). The genetics of Drosophila. Bibliographia Genetica 2, 1-262
  • Morgan, T.H. (1940) Calvin Blackman Bridges. Biogr. Mem. Natl. Acad. Sci 12, 31-48 — [LINK]
  • Muller, H. J. (1939). Dr. Calvin B. Bridges (obituary notice). Nature 143, 191-2 — [LINK]
  • Murphey, R. K., Possidente, D., Pollack, G., Merritt, D. J. (1989). Modality-specific axonal projections in the CNS of the flies Phormia and Drosophila. Comp. Neurol. 290, 185-200 — [LINK]
  • Novitski, E. (2005) Sturtevant and Dobzhansky: two scientists at odds with a student’s recollections. Xlibris — [LINK]
  • Novitski, E. (2006). Genetics in the early twentieth century – a personal journey. Chromosome Res 14, 339-47 — [LINK1] [LINK2]
  • Nobel prizes for work on Drosophila
  • Rubin, G. M., Lewis, E. B. (2000). A brief history of Drosophila’s contributions to genome research. Science 287, 2216-8 — [LINK]
  • Rosbash, M. (2015). Ronald J. Konopka (1947–2015). Cell 161, 187-188 — [LINK]
  • Schaeffer, S. W. (2018). Muller “elements” in Drosophila: how the search for the genetic basis for speciation led to the birth of comparative genomics. Genetics 210, 3-13 — [LINK]
  • Schultz, J. (1967) Innovators and controversies (Book Review). Science 157, 296-301 — [LINK]
  • Stephan, W., Li, H. (2007) The recent demographic and adaptive history of Drosophila melanogaster. Heredity (Edinb) 98, 65-8 — [LINK]
  • Stephenson, R., Metcalfe, N. H. (2013). Drosophila melanogaster: a fly through its history and current use. J R Coll Physicians Edinb 43, 70-5 — [LINK]
  • Sturtevant, A. H. (1959). Thomas Hunt Morgan (1866-1945). Biogr Mem Natl Acad Sci 33, 283-325 — [LINK1] – [LINK2]
  • Sturtevant, A. H. (1965). The “Fly Room”. Am Scientist 53, 303-7
  • Sturtevant, A. H. (2001). Reminiscences of T. H. Morgan. Genetics 159, 1-5 — [LINK]
  • Sturtevant, A. H. (2001). “A History of Genetics.” CSHL Press — [LINK1] — [LINK2]
  • Tanouye, M. A. (2008). Seymour Benzer 1921-2007. Nat Genet 40, 121 — [LINK]
  • Wangler, M. F., Yamamoto, S., Bellen, H. J. (2015). Fruit flies in biomedical research. Genetics — [LINK]
  • A book about Seymour Benzer: Weiner, J. (1999). “Time, Love, Memory : A Great Biologist and His Quest for the Origins of Behavior.” Vintage Books, Random House Inc., New York — [LINK]
  • Chapter 9 “The Hedgehog Three” in: Weston, K. M. (2013). “Blue Skies and Bench Space: Adventures in Cancer Research.” CSHL Press, Cold Spring Harbor — [LINK]
  • Watry, G. Long-lived: remembering Melvin Green, a UC Davis genetics pioneer — [LINK]
  • Wharton, K. (2015). William Martin Gelbart 1945-2015. Nat Genet 47, 1372-1372 — [LINK]
  • Wieschaus, E., Nüsslein-Volhard, C. (2016). The Heidelberg screen for pattern mutants of Drosophila: a personal account. Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol 32, 1-46 — [LINK]
  • Wilfert, L., Jiggins, F. M. (2014). Flies on the move: an inherited virus mirrors Drosophila melanogaster‘s elusive ecology and demography. Mol Ecol 23, 2093-104 — [LINK]
  • Winchester, E. G. (2001). Bridges, Calvin Blackman. In “eLS“. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd — [LINK]
  • Wolter, J. (2013) The Notch signalling pathway in embryogenesis. blog for The Embryo Project Encyclopedia — [LINK]
  • Biography article in YourDictionary: “A.H. Sturtevant Facts